Expert pain management doctor, Bryan and College Station Chiropractor Dr. David Bailey is a Board Certified Chiropractic Orthopedist and the author of this article.
With age people tend to complain more about aches and pains in their joints, and see that their motion is reduced making normal activity more difficult and challenging than in their younger years.
The problem can get so bad that people think that their bones are going bad. However the genuine cause of tightness and pain lies not in the joints or bones, based on research at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, however in the soft tissues that join the bones together.
The reduced and more difficult motion creates inflammation and pain, and creates a bad cycle that if left to itself, will impair one's life.
Range of motion is the term for how far a joint can move, either with voluntary movement or with passive movement, meaning movement of the joint without using muscle power to move it. the greater the range of motion in normal situations, the healthier is the joint.
If you bend onward at the hips and touch your toes with your fingertips, you have great flexibility, or range of motion of the hip joints. But can you bend over effortlessly with a very little expense of power as well as pressure? The physical effort required to flex a joint is equally as important as its variety of possible movement.
Different elements limit the versatility as well as ease of activity in various joints and muscular tissues. In the elbow as well as knee, the bony structure itself establishes a definite linitation. In various other joints, such as the ankle, hip, and also back, the soft tissue-- muscle as well as connective tissue-- restrict the movement possibilities.
Thus, if people do not regularly move their muscles as well as joints through their complete range of movement, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these people will attempt to move a joint after a long period of lack of exercise, they feel discomfort, which discourages additional use
What occurs following is that the muscle mass end up being minimized with extended disuse and also produces contractions and also pains that can be irritating as well as extremely agonizing. The immobilization of muscle mass, as researchers have actually demonstrated with laboratory animals, causes biochemical changes in the cells.
Nonetheless, various other aspects cause aching muscles. Here are several of them:
1. Too Aggressive And Prolonged Exercise
Have you always believed in the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Aging and inactivity
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.
4. Spasm theory
In the medical physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, experts have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain and restriction.
Using precise medical instruments, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. Take your workout slowly at first to avoid injury. Increase the intensity step by step and get supervsion from an expert. This will make it less likely to suffer injury.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.